Common Issues Found in Building Reports and How to Address Them

A building report is a vital document for home buyers and property owners, providing a detailed assessment of a property’s condition. While the findings can vary, there are common issues that often appear in building reports. Understanding these issues and knowing how to address them can help you make informed decisions and maintain the value of your property. Here are some of the most common issues found in building reports and practical solutions for each.

1. Foundation Problems

Common Issues: Cracks in the foundation, uneven settling, and moisture intrusion are frequent problems noted in building reports. These issues can compromise the structural integrity of the property.

How to Address Them: Consult a structural engineer to assess the severity of the foundation issues. Minor cracks may only need monitoring or sealing, while significant problems might require underpinning or foundation replacement. Addressing water drainage around the property can also prevent future issues.

2. Roof Damage

Common Issues: Roof leaks, damaged shingles, and deteriorating flashing are typical findings in building reports. These issues can lead to water damage and energy inefficiency.

How to Address Them: Hire a professional roofer to inspect and repair any damage. Replacing missing or damaged shingles, resealing flashing, and fixing leaks can extend the life of your roof. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning gutters, can also prevent future problems.

3. Plumbing Issues

Common Issues: Leaky pipes, outdated plumbing, and inadequate water pressure are common problems highlighted in building reports. These issues can lead to water damage and increased utility bills.

How to Address Them: Engage a licensed plumber to evaluate and repair the plumbing system. Replacing old pipes, fixing leaks, and upgrading fixtures can improve water efficiency and prevent costly damage. Regular inspections can help catch problems early.

4. Electrical Problems

Common Issues: Faulty wiring, outdated electrical panels, and insufficient outlets are often noted in building reports. These issues pose safety hazards and can lead to electrical fires.

How to Address Them: Hire a qualified electrician to inspect and update the electrical system. Rewiring, upgrading the electrical panel, and adding additional outlets can enhance safety and meet modern electrical demands. Regular electrical inspections ensure ongoing safety.

5. Moisture and Dampness

Common Issues: Signs of rising damp, mold growth, and inadequate ventilation are common in building reports. These issues can affect indoor air quality and structural integrity.

How to Address Them: Improve ventilation in affected areas, such as bathrooms and basements, to reduce moisture buildup. Installing dehumidifiers and using mold-resistant materials can help. Addressing the source of moisture, like repairing leaks or improving drainage, is crucial.

6. Pest Infestations

Common Issues: Evidence of termites, rodents, and other pests often appears in building reports. These infestations can cause significant damage to the property.

How to Address Them: Contact a pest control professional to assess and treat the infestation. Regular inspections and preventative measures, such as sealing entry points and maintaining cleanliness, can prevent future problems.

7. Heating and Cooling Systems

Common Issues: Outdated or inefficient HVAC systems and poor insulation are typical findings in building reports. These issues can lead to high energy bills and reduced comfort.

How to Address Them: Have a professional inspect and service the HVAC system. Upgrading to a more efficient system and improving insulation can enhance energy efficiency and indoor comfort. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning filters, ensures optimal performance.

8. Windows and Doors

Common Issues: Drafty windows, broken seals, and misaligned doors are common problems in building reports. These issues affect energy efficiency and security.

How to Address Them: Repair or replace damaged windows and doors. Installing weatherstripping and sealing gaps can improve energy efficiency. Upgrading to modern, energy-efficient windows and doors enhances both comfort and security.

9. Exterior and Interior Finishes

Common Issues: Cracked paint, damaged siding, and deteriorating finishes are frequently noted in building reports. These issues affect the property’s appearance and protection.

How to Address Them: Repaint or repair damaged finishes to protect the underlying materials and enhance curb appeal. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning and resealing, prolongs the life of exterior and interior finishes.

10. Structural Deformities

Common Issues: Sagging floors, bowing walls, and misaligned structures are serious concerns noted in building reports. These issues can indicate significant structural problems.

How to Address Them: Consult a structural engineer to evaluate the deformities and recommend appropriate repairs. Solutions may include reinforcing or replacing damaged structures, addressing underlying causes, and monitoring for further changes.


Building reports are essential tools that highlight common issues in a property, from foundation problems to pest infestations. Understanding these issues and how to address them can help you maintain the value and safety of your property. By taking proactive steps, such as consulting professionals and performing regular maintenance, you can ensure your home remains in good condition. Whether you’re buying a new property or maintaining your current home, addressing the findings of a building report is crucial for protecting your investment and ensuring a safe living environment.